Tips & How-Tos

Tips on Shooting The Moon Using Telephoto Lenses

Nikon D850 – SIGMA 60-600mm f/4.5-5.6 DG OS HSM | Sports at 720mm (DX Mode)1/2 second f/9 ISO 1000 © Mike Carroll | 2019

Photographing the moon aligned with architectural and natural landscape features can be quite challenging—but if you plan your vantage point ahead of time—the end result can be the key to your success! A lot of photographers dream of getting that “huge moon” at moonrise. Now we can accomplish that by using telephoto lenses and planning with apps such as Photo Pills and The Photographer’s Ephemeris.

Planning Your Moon Shoot

Plotting your location ahead of time, using different techniques will improve your final result. It’s best to go to the location ahead of your shoot so you can get your bearings with parking, to make sure your view isn’t obstructed by trees, construction, or other shot-ruining distractions. None of these images are composites! They are one image only. Using apps such as Photo Pills or The Photographer’s Ephemeris will be a key to your success when you’re trying to align moonrise or moonset over your target such as The Brooklyn Bridge or the Empire State Building. Both of these apps will help show you when, and where, to set up to align the moon.

Nikon D850 – SIGMA 60-600mm f/4.5-5.6 DG OS HSM | Sports at 600mm 1/6 second f/13 ISO 200 © Mike Carroll | 2019


Checking your gear is important before you head out on a shoot.  I always test my cameras and lenses before I leave. There’s nothing worse than showing up and having gear not working correctly!

Extra Batteries

I always pack a couple of extra batteries while shooting the moon.  I spend most of the time in live view and it can drain your battery! Weather also plays a roll on your battery life: colder weather drains batteries quicker.

Sturdy Tripod

It’s vital to have a sturdy tripod, especially while shooting with a telephoto lens. There’s a lot of weight to a telephoto lens — such as a SIGMA 60-600mm F4.5-6.3 DG OS HSM | Sports. Sometimes you could be shooting at a long exposure and a sturdy tripod will help prevent motion blur.

The Right Lens

What is the right lens? If you want that “big moon” I would suggest using a 60-600mm F4.5-6.3 DG OS HSM | Sports, 150-600mm F5-6.3 DG OS HSM | Contemporary or even a 70-200mm F2.8 DG OS HSM | Sports + 2X Teleconverter. Using a 2X Teleconverter is very helpful when you’re shooting far away from your target.   

Nikon D850 – SIGMA 70-200mm f/2.8 DG OS HSM | Sports + 2X Teleconverter at 555mm (DX Mode) 1/10 sec f/8 ISO 320 © Mike Carroll | 2019

Getting this shot above was a bit challenging.  I had to have the tripod balanced on rocks and make sure that I didn’t have any motion blur.

Nikon D850 – SIGMA 70-200mm f/2.8 DG OS HSM | Sports + 2X Teleconverter at 600mm (DX Mode) 4 sec f/10 ISO 64 © Mike Carroll | 2019

How I Get The Shot

It’s important to have patience while shooting. Sometimes things will go wrong, such as your camera not focusing due to low lighting and lower contrast conditions. I shoot both in autofocus and manual. Its best to shoot in live view and in manual focus. Use the magnifier on your camera to make sure you’re in focus. Typically, I under-expose my shots and sometimes I’ll shoot in continuous mode so I can have a bunch of shots to choose from. You never know what you may keep! 

Nikon D850 – SIGMA 70-200mm f/2.8 DG OS HSM | Sports + 2X Teleconverter at 600mm (DX Mode) 2 seconds f/8 ISO 500 © Mike Carroll | 2019

Are your photos blurry? Make sure all of the legs on your tripod are evenly pulled out and that you tighten everything on your tripod. Remove your camera strap and turn off image stabilization.  Consider a cable release, mirror lockup, and 2 or 10 second timer to minimize all potential shake situations. Remember, telephoto focal lengths amplify even the slightest motion!

Nikon D850 – SIGMA 70-200mm f/2.8 DG OS HSM | Sports at 570mm (DX Mode) 2.5 sec f/10 ISO 64 © Mike Carroll | 2019

Here are the screenshots from PhotoPills showing where I was to align this shot.

And I have just found out that I was chosen as PhotoPiller of the Day for Monday December 1st for this image! Check it out on their Instagram!


Hazy and windy conditions can cause issues with my image. I always review an image after I’ve taken it to make sure my settings are on point. We all run into challenges while shooting. I find myself moving around! If I see things in my way, I move very quickly because there’s a very small window of time I have during moonrise.   

Nikon D850 – SIGMA 60-600mm f/4.5-5.6 DG OS HSM | Sports at 600mm 1/2 second f/9 ISO 200 © Mike Carroll | 2019


Does your next shoot have cloudy skies and or wind in the forecast? Sometimes you can get a nice shot in those conditions. Don’t give up hope and head out just in case!

Nikon D850 – SIGMA 70-200mm f/2.8 DG OS HSM | Sports + 2X Teleconverter at 490mm (DX Mode) 1/5 second f/5.6 ISO 640 © Mike Carroll | 2019
Nikon D850 – SIGMA 70-200mm f/2.8 DG OS HSM | Sports + 2X Teleconverter at 405mm (DX Mode) 1/40 second f/5.6 ISO 640 © Mike Carroll | 2019

This very last shot I had to pull over on the side of the road and take the shot handheld. In this case, I had the OS on.


Sometimes it can be really windy while I’m shooting. The first thing I do is raise my shutter speed, raise my ISO and adjust my aperture. The digital cameras these days can handle high ISO’s very well. Turn off your optical stabilization while on a tripod and remove your camera strap!

Always shoot RAW + JPEG. I’ve had circumstances where the JPEG was the better file of the two! Also, the JPEG can be opened up on almost any platform and take up less space. Sometimes a RAW file cannot be backwards compatible and you may want to go back and grab that file you’re missing from the portfolio.

Comments (8)
  1. Very intriguing, Mike…
    Do you ever carry any extra weight? Sand bags… barbell weights… or rocks in your pockets…? (grin)
    Does your planning include the winds you can expect to encounter during the shoot?
    * * *
    I also like the live view and manual focus recommendations…
    Thanks for sharing…
    * * *
    “???? ?? ?????? ????,
    ???? ???, ????? ????????;
    ????? ?’???. . .”

    Until that time. . .

  2. Hi Earl, It can be challenging when it’s windy! I usually raise my shutter speed and my ISO. I like to place my camera bag on the hook of my tripod to keep the tripod from moving. Just make sure your bag doesnt move around on the hook. It can actually make situation worse. Thank you for reading!

    Instagram @jerseyportraits

  3. Peter Craw says:

    Great article! I now have two new photography Apps on my phone that are very impressive.

  4. Bob Eastman says:

    Hi Mike
    Love your work but a question on focus.
    Where do you focus on the moon to get that sharp or do you focus on a nearer subject?

  5. Hi Bob, How are you? I don’t focus on the moon – I focus on the architecture surrounding it. I hope that helps. I’m happy you love the work!

    Thanks, Mike

    Instagram @jerseyportraits

  6. andy redmond says:

    Great work Mike! Would you opin. as to why you shot some of these on “DX” mode? Perhaps only for the multiplication factor that this would provide over the 1:1 of the FX camera body? Do you notice much additional image “noise” when in DX mode?


  7. Hi Andy, I’m happy you enjoyed the images. Great question! I use the APS-C mode to enable more reach when needed. This will get me the image I’m looking for. I love full frame bodies that have this feature because it’s like having two camera bodies in one. Yes, I do see more noise but it’s controlled in post. I also use full frame mode with the Sigma 60-600mm Sports lens and it does a fantastic job at 600mm as well as APS-C mode.

    Thank you for the reading the article!

    -Mike Carroll

    Instagram @jerseyportraits

  8. Diane P says:

    Mike, I just want to thank you for sharing all this information. You are so helpful. As someone who only recently discovered a love for landscape and moon photography, I am a newbie trying to get off manual mode and appreciate that you share so much! Thank you!

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