Bioluminescence Tips and Images

Taking a photo you’ve been chasing can be the result of months’ worth of planning and preparation. In order to capture that perfect image, we try to have as many elements planned for as possible. Still, with all the planning in the world, there will inevitably be elements that don’t line up or work out how we hope. In most cases, that leaves us scrambling to make the best out of the situation we’re in. A bit more infrequently, the elements shift not only in a way that we weren’t expecting, but also in our favor. When it comes to shooting the night sky, there are a couple things that could mean. If we’re far enough North, we might get a slightly unexpected showing of the Northern lights. Although that’s still something that can be forecasted. So, what about the completely unpredicted? Of the six times I’ve shot bioluminescence, half of the were completely be surprise. The other half were nights shortly after those surprises.

Shot on Sigma 14mm f1.8, Sony A7RII. Similar to my approach from San Diego, I used a higher vantage here to help locate where the waves were glowing. After spotting them near the giant rock formation below, I decided that I really liked the composition and enough glow in the waves could make for a great shot.

Each night started out with a plan to shoot the stars along the coast and shifted entirely once I saw the waves glowing blue. When it comes to forecasting or predicting bioluminescence or red tide, your only notification is generally a news article after it’s been spotted somewhere. In addition to being unable to predict when and when it might be seen, there’s also no way to determine how long it will be around. In my personal experience, I’ve seen it last as long as 3 weeks and be as brief as 3 days.

Whether you’re heading out because you’ve heard about it being seen or just want to be ready in case you encounter it unexpectedly, these tips will help make sure you come home with a potential once in a lifetime image.

Shot on Sigma 14mm f1.8, Sony A7RII. I had been returning to this location for nearly 2 years with hopes of capturing the Milky Way. I had no idea that when everything finally worked I would also be shooting bioluminescence. It felt like the perfect reward for countless attempts and pulling this image off.

Pick the Right Lens

Much like taking photos of the night sky, you’ll want to let as much light in as possible during your exposure. The fast aperture of the ART series lenses make them the perfect choice. My go to lens for capturing those incredible blue waves has been the Sigma 14mm f1.8 ART lens. Since the exact location of the waves can vary, I like being able to capture a wider field of view.

Shot on Sigma 14mm f1.8, Sony A7RII. I could never dream of capturing this image. The forecast originally called for clouds, but I decided to drive 2 more hours to chance it. After taking my initial images further down the beach, I noticed the bioluminescence. I took a few photos and decided to try and capture one with both my boxer, Kona, and I standing in it. It turned to be one of my favorite images.

Bring a Tripod

Capturing a great photo of bioluminescence will require you to take a long exposure. That means all your photos will be taken from a tripod.

Shot on Sigma 24-70 f2.8, Sony A7RII. For the first time in neary 5 years, bioluminescence appeared off the coast of San Diego. I initially chose a higher vantage point along the bluffs to help locate where the waves looked best, but ended up shooting from this vantage for most of the night.

Let Your Camera Find the Light

If the area you’re in has a fair amount of light pollution or if your eyes aren’t fully adjusted to the dark, the blue waves can be easy to miss. On a good night, there’s no mistaking it, but it’s possible for only a light glow to appear to naked eye. Still, in this situation, your camera will pick up a much more impressive blue color during the long exposure. If you know that the bioluminescence has been active and you’re out searching for it, this is a great way to help you find it. Point your camera down the shore line and take a couple long exposures and review each closely. Since it won’t glow in every wave, taking a few exposures over the course of a couple minutes will ensure you don’t move on, too quickly.

Shot on Sigma 24-70 f2.8, Sony A7RII. Earlier in the night, this trail was packed with people heading back and forth, hoping to see the bioluminescence. It was mostly quiet until about 12:30AM when the glow was much more impressive. By this time, the beaches were mostly empty and capturing this photo became much easier.

Keep Your Shutter Release Close

Once you’ve found your composition and the waves seem to be in the right place it’s all about determining the right amount of patience. Sort of like shooting lightning, each wave might be in a slightly different spot. You might be tempted to take a photo and move your camera right away, but it can be beneficial to try and capture a few different waves. As you pay attention to which waves are glowing more vibrantly, you’ll get an idea of where and when you’ll get the best resulting image. By placing your camera in a continuous shoot mode and using a shutter release, you can be sure not to miss that perfect wave.  While one exposure may not capture any bioluminescence at all, the next could glow blue from horizon to horizon.

Shot on Sigma 24-70 f2.8, Sony A7RII. Another night of chasing the blue waves in San Diego. The beach below was mostly absent of rocks or anything that could be used to anchor a foreground. I decided to place myself in the photo and shoot facing down the coastline to pick up as many glowing waves as possible.

Be Ready to Change

Late last Summer, I was planning a visit to Big Sur to photography the Milky Way over a giant rock formation just off the coast. Everything had lined up perfectly for my shot when I noticed the waves glowing just a bit further down the beach. In my ideal world, the waves right in front of me would have lit up blue and the composition I had been shooting would’ve been taken to the next level. Unfortunately, that didn’t seem like it was happening. Because I wasn’t sure how long that night the bioluminescence would be visible, I decided to abandon the composition I had lined up and find something else. It wasn’t an easy call to make. I drove nearly 9 hours to shoot exactly what my camera was pointed at. I kept an eye on the waves to see where they were most active and made my way further down the beach. I looked for something to anchor my image and show off the waves glowing blue. After finding a large rock closer to the beach, I decided to place myself and my dog Kona in the shot as well. After that we just had to wait for the perfect wave with the right amount of bioluminescence. It didn’t look anything like the image I had set out to take that night, but it turned out to be one of my favorite images I’ve ever taken and something I likely won’t ever be able to recreate. That image ended up being featured as the NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day.

Shot on Sigma 14mm f1.8, Sony A7RII. Initially, I was set up to just take a test shot when spotted the bioluminescence for the first time this night. Because of the nearby light pollution it was a bit more difficult to see with the naked eye. Instead of a blue, the waves glittered white to pale blue. On this occasion, the long exposure made the waves look much more impressive.

Published by

Jack Fusco

Jack Fusco is a landscape astrophotographer based out of Pennsylvania. What began as a way purely to document his travels as a touring musician, photography has become his main form of creative expression. On his often sleepless journey, he strives to share the wonder of the night sky with as many people as possible. Whether chasing the Milky Way along coastlines or capturing the Northern lights in unforgiving remote locations, you're sure to find him coffee in hand, smiling up at the stars. Many of Jack's images are often planned days, weeks, or even months in advance while waiting for weather and celestial objects to align. The resulting work shows a true and complete dedication to his craft. His work has been featured by National Geographic, LA Times, NASA APOD, BBC, Forbes and many more.

2 thoughts on “Bioluminescence Tips and Images”

  1. ThanX for the helpful tips. I plan on visiting Washington state & Montana next year to do the very same project; photographing the Milky Way & time lapsed star movement. I recently bought all new Sigma Art series lenses for my Canon 5D Mark IV, & I couldn’t be happier with the way they’ve improved my photography. Although I still need to get a super wide angel lens for landscape images. ThanX again for all the tips.. -MCM

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